56 YEARS AGO, THE EARTH WAS SHAKING IN AGADIR

27 March, 2018
On February 29, 56 years ago, the city of Agadir experienced the worst day of its history. An earthquake of 5.7 on the Richter scale buried one-third of the population and injured 25,000. Back on this drama.

February 29, 1960, 23:40. Agadir is shaken in the middle of Ramadan's evening by a telluric shake with a magnitude of 5.7 on the Richter scale. Fifteen small seconds were enough to bury one-third of the population, 15,000 people, and nearly 25,000 others wounded. "Agadir Oufella" has been completely shaved. The harbor and naval base, which suffered less damage, sheltered the terrified survivors.It is the most devastating earthquake in the history of Morocco. The epicenter of the earthquake was located just below the city. He has dug a horizontal furrow, running from north to south for several kilometers, following the geological fault that borders the northern bed of the Tildi wadi and which empties into the bay of Agadir.This is a catastrophic as well as a macabre report that would upset a building site just begun in the wake of the newly acquired Independence. But it was without counting on the moral power and the determination of the Moroccans, accustomed to this kind of challenges and mobilized behind a king so determined to force destiny and brave the impossible. This sinister cataclysm occurred in the volcano-tectonic fault, called south-Atlantic, which extends from the region of Figuig in the south-east to the volcanic Canary Islands, passing through Agadir. In this area, already shaken in 1731, the deadly effect of the earthquake was amplified by many waves acting both horizontally and vertically, due to a seismic focus, whose epicenter was located 3 or 4 km deep

The most affected neighborhoods were Talborjt, Ihchach, and Kasbah. Located along this geological fault, they were the most vulnerable because of their traditional and fragile constructions. The old city suffered only 60% damage, with its buildings designed in more durable and resistant materials. Inezgane, Taroudant, Essaouira or Marrakech have more or less felt the shock, but not serious. On the morning of this fatal day, the relief was organized with the remarkable participation of the Royal Armed Forces.
A crisis unit was created under the effective chairmanship of the late SM Mohammed V to uncover a High Commission for the reconstruction of Agadir (HCRA), later entrusted to Crown Prince Moulay Hassan. No effort was spared. Everyone, aware of his duty, has given his precious help. Objective: to give life, as it should, to this beautiful megacity so dear to everyone's heart.

All services were adequately insured (health, education, sports, safety, administration, ...). All this, favored by the preponderant role played by the city, as a strategic pole of the country, after the recovery of national sovereignty over the southern provinces. More than half a century later, Agadir has developed to the point of becoming a hub with its maritime and airport infrastructures, its agricultural wealth, its tourist assets and its hinterland.

A modern city center has emerged, with large and beautiful avenues, embellished with shops, various services and hotel facilities of international value. A museum was created in memory of this sad event and all its victims.
The capital of Souss can boast, from now on, of a seaside resort of large scale, strong of a performing port and its marina with the multiple activities, to the great pleasure of its many visitors passionate about sand, sun, gastronomy, or in search of relaxation and relaxation.